Tree Planting Day
In ancient China, during the Ching Ming Festival, there was a tradition of transplanting trees and planting trees. The earliest tree planting in the history of China was first created by a man named Wei Xiaokuan from Shaanxi more than 1400 years ago. Wei Xiaokuan (AD 508-580) was a famous figure in the Western Wei and Northern Zhou Dynasty, and Jing Zhao Du Ling (now southeast of Xi'an). According to the "Zi Zhi Tong Jian", in the second year of the Western Wei Dynasty Emperor (AD 552), Wei Xiaokuan was awarded the Zhangzhou thorns for military merit. Since ancient times, every other mile in the official road has set up a soil platform on the roadside as a mark to calculate the mileage of the road, which is now the milestone. After Wei Xiaokuan took office, he found that the disadvantages of the soil platform were many. After the wind and the sun, especially the rain, it is easy to collapse, and it needs to be repaired frequently. It not only increases the expenses of the state, but also makes the people suffer hard labor, which is time-consuming and inconvenient. After an investigation and investigation, Wei Xiaokuan resolutely ordered that all the places on the official roads in Ganzhou should be replanted with a banyan tree to replace the soil platform. This not only does not lose its mark and metering effect, but also protects the pedestrians from wind and rain, and does not need to be repaired. Wei Xiaokuan’s practice is undoubtedly a major measure to benefit the sang and to alleviate the country’s interests and benefit the people. As the earliest place in the history to plant trees on the official road, Shaanxi used to be the model for road greening in the country. Wei Xiaokuan’s earliest planted banyan tree has been loved by people for thousands of years, especially Shaanxi people are more interested in this kind of banyan tree. A solo, very popular and widely planted, this eucalyptus has now been identified as a city tree as a symbol of Xi'an.
The Modern Tree Planting Festival was first initiated by Nebraska, USA. Before the 19th century, Nebraska was a bare wilderness with scarce trees, strong winds, and yellow sand. The people suffered greatly. In 1872, the famous American agronomist Julius Sterling Molton proposed the Arbor Day in Nebraska to mobilize people to plant trees in a planned way. At that time, the State Agricultural Bureau adopted the proposal through a resolution, and the governor personally stipulated that the third Wednesday of April each year will be the Arbor Day. After this decision was made, millions of trees were planted in the same year. In the 16 years since then, 600 million trees have been planted, and the 100,000 hectares of wilderness in Nebraska has finally turned into a dense forest. In recognition of Morton’s merits, the State Council officially ruled in April 1885 that Mr. Morton’s birthday, April 22, was the annual Arbor Day and was a day off. At the same time, the world's first Arbor Day stamp was issued in 1932, with two children planting trees.
In the United States, Arbor Day is a state festival, and there is no nationally stipulated date. However, in April and May each year, all states in the United States must organize tree planting activities. For example, Rhode Island provides for the second Friday of May each year to be Arbor Day and a day off. Other states have fixed dates, and some have temporary decisions on the date of the Arbor Day by the governor or other government departments in the state. Whenever the Arbor Day comes, the masses of people from all walks of life, who are mainly students, form a great tree planting army and invest in tree planting activities.
According to statistics, one third of the United States is covered by forest trees, and this result is inseparable from the Arbor Day.
Afforestation can not only green and beautify the homeland, but also expand the forest resources, prevent soil erosion, protect the farmland, regulate the climate, and promote economic development. It is an ambitious project that is conducive to the contemporary and the benefit of future generations. In order to protect forest resources, beautify the environment, and maintain ecological balance, many countries in the world have established tree planting festivals according to their actual conditions. For example, India’s first week of July is the Arbor Day; North Korea’s April 6 is the Arbor Day; Thailand The National Day is designated as the Arbor Day; the Philippines is the second Saturday in September each year for the Arbor Day; Italy is the annual Arbor Day on November 21; the United States has a tree planting festival, but due to climate differences, there is no uniform date in the country; Brazil is 9 per year. On the 21st of the month is the Arbor Day; Colombia is the annual Arbor Day on October 12; the El Salvador Arbor Day and the Teacher's Day are held together on June 21 each year; Egypt is the Arbor Day from September to November each year...
Among these countries, the United States has the earliest Arbor Day, which has a history of more than 130 years. On April 10, 1872, a Nebraska journalist initiated the first Arbor Day in the United States. On that day, more than 1 million trees were planted throughout Nebraska. It was formally established by J. Sterling Morton (J. Sterling Morton) in Nebraska in 1872. By the 1920s, every American public had passed national laws, announcing that one day was the Arbor Day or the Arbor Day and the Bird Day commemoration. Due to the different dates, climate and proper planting time have been established. Arbor Day is a holiday, with an international commitment and recognition by many countries. In the United States, the National Arbor Day celebrates the fourth Friday of April. Some states celebrate the best time to plant trees in the tree planting area on different dates.
Brazil is a country with abundant forest resources. Nearly three-fifths of the world's largest tropical rainforest Amazon forest is in Brazil, with a national forest coverage rate of over 52%. Despite this, Brazilians still do not forget to plant trees. The Brazilian government actively encourages people to plant trees while taking rational development of forest resources.
In order to actively face the threat of global warming, the United Nations Environment Program launched the "Tree for the Earth: 1 Billion Tree Campaign" in Nairobi on November 8, 2006. The campaign plans to plant at least 1 billion trees worldwide in 2007.
As people's awareness of environmental protection continues to increase and they actively participate in afforestation activities, the environment for human survival will be continuously improved.
According to United Nations statistics, more than 50 countries in the world have established Arbor Days. Due to the different national conditions and geographical locations of different countries, the tree planting festival is called and timed in different countries, such as Japan's "Tree Festival" and "Greening Week"; Israel calls "Tree New Year's Day"; Myanmar is called "Tree Tree Month" Iceland is called "Student Tree Planting Day"; India is called "National Tree Planting Festival"; France is called "National Tree Day"; Canada is called "Forest Tree Week".