The Mid-Autumn Festival is one of the traditional Chinese festivals. It is the 15th lunar calendar on the 15th of the lunar calendar. It is also the second largest traditional festival in China after the Spring Festival. The legend is to commemorate you.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festival in China. According to the records of historical records, the word "Mid-Autumn Festival" first appeared in the book "Zhou Li". When I was in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, there were records of "the cattle in the Shangshang Book, the Mid-Autumn Festival and the Weijiang River." It was not until the early Tang Dynasty that the Mid-Autumn Festival became a fixed holiday. "Tang Shu Tai Zong Ji" records "August 15 Mid-Autumn Festival". The prevalence of the Mid-Autumn Festival began in the Song Dynasty. By the time of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it had become the same as the New Year's Day and became one of the main festivals in China. This is also the second largest traditional festival in China after the Spring Festival.
"New Tang Book, Volume 15 and 5th, Li Le 5" contains "Where the Spring and Mid-Autumn Festivals are released in Wenxuan Wang and Wu Cheng Wang", and "In the 19th year of Kaiyuan, the Taigong Shangfu Temple was set up to stay in Hou Liang. With the mid-spring, the Mid-Autumn Festival on the penal offering, the system of sacrifice and music is as follows." According to historical records, the festival of the ancient emperor's sacrifice month is August 15th of the lunar calendar. The time coincides with the half of the autumn, hence the name "Mid-Autumn Festival"; and because this festival is in autumn in August, it is also called "autumn festival". August Festival "August Meeting" "Mid-Autumn Festival"; there are also beliefs and related customs activities for praying for reunion, so it is also known as "Reunion Festival" and "Daughter's Day". Because the main activities of the Mid-Autumn Festival are all around the "month", so it is also commonly known as "monthly festival", "moon eve", "chasing the moon festival", "playing the moon festival" and "the moon festival"; in the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was also It is called "the right month".
The prevalence of the Mid-Autumn Festival began in the Song Dynasty. By the time of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it had become the same as the New Year's Day and became one of the main festivals in China. There are three types of origins of the Mid-Autumn Festival: originated from the worship of the moon in ancient times, the custom of singing and dancing in the moon, and the custom of worshipping the land gods in the ancient autumn.
On the 15th of the lunar calendar every year, it is a traditional Mid-Autumn Festival. This is the middle of the fall, so it is called the Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Chinese lunar calendar, the year is divided into four seasons, each season is divided into three parts: Meng, Zhong and Ji, so the Mid-Autumn Festival is also called Zhongqiu. The moon on August 15 is more round and brighter than the full moons of other months, so it is also called "Moon Festival" and "August Festival." This night, people look up to the sky like a jade, and naturally expect family reunion. The wanderer far away from home is also relying on his own thoughts about his hometown and his loved ones. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the "Reunion Festival."
In ancient times, the people of our country had the custom of "autumn, moon and moon". Xiyue, that is, worship the moon god. In the Zhou Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival will be held for the cold and the moon. Set up a large incense case, put on moon cakes, watermelon, apples, red dates, plums, grapes and other sacrifices, of which moon cakes and watermelons are absolutely indispensable. Watermelon is also cut into lotus. In the moon, the moon image is placed in the direction of the moon, the red candle is burning, the whole family worships the moon in turn, and then the housewife cuts the reunion moon cake. The person who cuts in advance counts the number of people in the whole family. At home, in the field, they must be counted together. They cannot be cut or cut, and the size must be the same.
According to legend, the ancient Ugly ugly woman had no salt. When she was a child, she used to worship the moon. When she grew up, she entered the palace with superb character, but she was not favored. In the year of August 15th, the moon was seen by the emperor in the moonlight. She felt that she was beautiful and she was the queen, and the Mid-Autumn Festival came from the moon. In the middle of the month, it is famous for its beauty. Therefore, the girl worships the moon and wishes to "seek like a sly, face like a moon."
In the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival and the Moon were quite popular. In the Northern Song Dynasty Jingshi. On the 15th and 15th nights, people from all over the city, regardless of the rich and the poor, must wear adult clothes, burn incense and say their wishes to the moon, and pray for the blessing of the moon god. In the Southern Song Dynasty, folks gave gifts with moon cakes and took the meaning of reunion. In some places, there are activities such as dancing grass dragons and building pagodas. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival have become more popular; in many places, special customs such as burning incense, tree Mid-Autumn Festival, point tower lights, sky lanterns, moon walking, and dancing dragons have been formed.
Today, the custom of playing in the lower reaches of the month is far from prevailing. However, the banquet month is still very popular. People ask the wine for the month to celebrate the good life of "toasting the moon", or wish the distant relatives healthy and happy, and the family "a thousand miles together."
In the Mid-Autumn Festival, although the customs of each place are different, each one is based on people's infinite love for life and yearning for a better life.