Dragon Boat Festival
The Dragon Boat Festival is the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. According to "Jing Chu Sui Ji Ji" records, because of the midsummer ascend, Shunyang is on, May is midsummer, its first noon is the day to climb the high weather in Shunyang, so the fifth day of May is also known as "Dangyang" Festival." In addition, the Dragon Boat Festival is also called "Midday, May Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Bath Lan Festival" and so on. The Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional cultural festival popular in China and the Chinese cultural circles. The Dragon Boat Festival originated in China. It was originally a festival dedicated to the totem rituals of the tribes worshipping the dragon totems in the ancient Baiyue area (the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the south). Before the Spring and Autumn Period, the Baiyue Land held a tribe in the form of a dragon boat race on the fifth day of the lunar calendar. The custom of totem worship. Later, due to the Warring States period, the Chu State (now Hubei) poet Qu Yuan died on the bouldering of the Luojiang River on that day. The rulers set up the loyalty and patriotic label to mark the Dragon Boat Festival as a festival to commemorate Qu Yuan; some areas also commemorated Wu Zikai and Cao Yu. The Dragon Boat Festival and the Spring Festival, the Ching Ming Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival are also known as the four traditional festivals of the Chinese Han.
Since the ancient times, there have been festivals such as dragon boats and restaurants since the Dragon Boat Festival. Since 2008, the Dragon Boat Festival has been listed as a national holiday. In May 2006, the State Council listed it in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage; in September 2009, UNESCO officially reviewed and approved the Chinese Dragon Boat Festival as a world intangible cultural heritage, becoming China's first selected world. Non-legacy festivals.
Traditional food custom
The earliest appearance of the Dragon Boat Festival should be the "枭羹" of the Western Han Dynasty. "Historical Records" "Wu Emperor's Ji" is quoted as a rumor: "Han is sent to the East County, and on May 5th, it is given to the Baiguan. The evil bird, the food." Because the cockroaches are not easy to catch, the custom of eating cockroaches does not continue. But the protagonist of the Dragon Boat Festival - the scorpion, has appeared in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. It has been going to the Jin Dynasty, and the scorpion became the food for the Dragon Boat Festival. "Taste of the Wind": "May 5th, with the summer solstice, ... first two days a day, and wrapped in sticky rice with glutinous rice, mixed with millet, cooked with oyster sauce." At the same time there is another A kind of Dragon Boat Festival diet, called "turtle", was only seen in the Jin Dynasty, and then disappeared. Only the scorpion called "Corner" in "Tale of the Wind", because of the legend in Qu Yuan, has become the most popular Dragon Boat Festival for thousands of years.
Folding and eating dumplings
"Scorpion incense, incense kitchen. Ai Yexiang, Xiang Mantang. Peach branch is inserted on the door, and I look out at the wheat yellow. Here the Duanyang, the Duanyang, everywhere is Duanyang."
This is a very popular folk song that described the Dragon Boat Festival. Generally speaking, the customs of the people around the Dragon Boat Festival are similar, and the Dragon Boat Festival eats dumplings. Throughout the ages, China is the same everywhere. Today's scorpions are more diverse and diverse. Nowadays, the scorpions in all parts of the country usually use oysters to cover glutinous rice, but the colors contained in them are determined according to local specialties and customs. The famous ones are longan, meat, crystal, lotus, candied, chestnut, spicy.粽, sauerkraut, ham, salted egg tarts, etc.