Innovation history of 3M
3M was founded in 1902 in the small town on the shores of Lake Superior - Two Harbors, Minnesota. Five businessmen came here to find mining wheels in order to find grinding wheels. However, the deposits here proved to be of little value, so the newly established Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company quickly moved to the nearby Duluth, specializing in the manufacture of sandpaper products.
Five diligent and obsessive businessmen from northern Minnesota, despite their different backgrounds, co-founded 3M. They invest in mining minerals for abrasive grinding. Like many companies in the early twentieth century, 3M was the first to set up a company and then conduct research. In the face of failure, they were not discouraged and eventually turned this investment into a lucrative venture capital.
After years of struggle, 3M has finally produced high quality products and established a supply chain. New investors were attracted, such as Lucius Ordway, who in 1910 relocated the company to São Paulo. Early technology and marketing innovations began to succeed. In 1916, the company achieved dividends for the first time at 6 cents per share.
The world's first waterproof sandpaper was successfully developed in the early 1920s to reduce air pollution during automotive manufacturing.
In 1925, the company ushered in a second major milestone. Young laboratory assistant Richard G. Drew invented the tape, and the company took an innovative step towards diversification. This is the first product in the Scotch® pressure sensitive tape line. .
In the following years, with the advancement of technology, the company introduced Scotch® cellophane tape for carton sealing, and hundreds of uses were quickly discovered.
In the early 1940s, 3M began to produce defense materials for World War II, so more new products were developed, such as ScotchliteTM reflective film for highway marking, audio tape, fiber tape, etc. 3M also began to develop offset printing from this time. Version, thus entering the field of graphic design.
In the 1950s, 3M launched the Thermo-FaxTM copy process, ScotchgardTM fabric protection material, videotape, Scotch-BriteTM cleaning pad and several new electromechanical products.
Dry silver film was introduced in the 1960s. During this period, photographic products, carbonless paper, and projection systems were introduced. At the same time, the health care products business grew rapidly, and medical and dental products were widely available.
In the 1970s and 1980s, markets in the pharmaceutical, radiology, and energy control industries expanded further.
In the 1980s, 3M launched the Post-it® report, which opened up a new market category and changed the way people communicate and work.
In the 1990s, the company's sales exceeded the $15 billion mark. 3M continues to develop a range of innovative products, including immune response modifiers, brightness enhancement films for electronic displays, and flexible circuits for inkjet printers, cell phones and other electronic devices.
In 2004, sales exceeded $20 billion for the first time, and innovative products made a significant contribution to growth. Recent innovations include Post-it® super-sticker stickers, Scotch® transparent duct tape, optical films for LCD TVs and the new Scotch-Brite® cleaning products, which provide the right scrubbing power for a variety of cleaning operations. .
In 2007, the Scotch-BriteTM brand introduced the first disposable toilet brush with built-in bleach. Other innovative products that serve as a model for improving the home environment are also being introduced, such as Scotch-BlueTM paint masking tape for corners and hinges, and ScotchTM Fur FighterTM hand-held hair absorbing cleaner designed to remove furniture pet hair ( 2008) and so on.
In 2008, 3M scientists developed a breakthrough ultra-compact LED lighting projection engine that can be integrated with personal electronics, including the 3MTM Micro Professional Mpro 110 projector, which has since evolved into a new generation of products. Technological improvements. In the same year, when potential public health emergencies such as the flu caused global attention, various 3M masks became the first products approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for public use.
In 2009, 3M's Healthcare Business Unit launched the 3MTM Littmann® 3200 Electronic Stethoscope, a next-generation auscultation device that uses Bluetooth technology to wirelessly transmit heart, lung and other body organs to software for further analysis. . This year, 3M's innovative footprint is not only in the telemedicine field of the healthcare industry, but also in the grinding industry, the 3MTM CubitronTM II fiber grinding wheel and metal processing belt. The product uses a patented ceramic abrasive particle technology that extends the life of the abrasive by up to three times.
In 2010, with more energy-saving operation initiatives, 3M won the ENERGY STAR® Award for the sixth consecutive year, and a large number of innovative products have an environmental advantage, reflecting the company's commitment to sustainability.
In 2011, 3M company teamed up with IBM to announce the joint development of a new bonding material on the 7th local time. This material can help the chip towers to be stacked in a dense manner, thereby implementing a semiconductor 3D package.
In 2012, 3M and Nippon Paint held a signing ceremony at the Nippon headquarters in China today, announcing the formal establishment of a strategic partnership between the two parties, complementing each other with channel promotion and technology research and development, and building a long-term future in the Chinese market. Achieve cooperation and win-win.
In 2012, 3M's Renewable Energy Department and Gossamer Space Frames jointly launched the world's largest trough solar array, using
The 3MTM Solar Mirror Film 1100 solar mirror is used to concentrate solar energy.
In 2013, 3M Company and the leading domestic office supplies companies signed a strategic cooperation agreement in Shenzhen. The two parties will formally cooperate in all aspects of products and channels to achieve complementary advantages, so as to facilitate domestic and foreign literature through more convenient channels. Instrumental consumers provide high quality cultural and educational products with international standards.