The American National Standard Institute (ANSI) is a non-profit, non-governmental standardization group in the United States. Coordination center for voluntary standards systems. Founded in 1918. Headquartered in New York. More than 250 professional societies, associations, consumer organizations and more than 1,000 companies (including foreign companies) participate. Representatives of federal government agencies participate in their activities in their personal capacity. Do not accept government funding.
The American National Standards Institute itself rarely stipulates standards. The preparation of ANSI standards follows the principles of voluntary publicity, openness, transparency, and consensus. The following three methods are mainly used:
1. Voting investigation method: The relevant units are responsible for drafting, inviting experts or professional groups to vote, and reporting the results to the standard review meeting set up by ANSI for review and approval.
2. Committee Law: Draft standards are prepared by representatives of ANSI technical committees and committees organized by other organizations. All members vote and finally be reviewed and approved by the standard review meeting.
3. From the standards formulated by various professional societies and associations, they are more mature, and are of great significance to the whole country. After being reviewed by ANSI technical committees, they are upgraded to national standards (ANSI) and ANSI standard code. And the classification number, but retain the original professional standard code.
The majority of the standards of the American National Standards Institute come from various professional standards. On the other hand, professional associations and associations can also develop certain product standards based on existing national standards. Of course, it is also possible to formulate its own association standards in accordance with national standards. Currently, there are more than 180 ANSI-accredited standards-setting bodies, with a total of 37,000 standards, accounting for 75% of non-government standards. A small part of it is approved by the ANSI as a national standard. Of the 11,000 standards published by ANSI, only 1600 are self-developed. ANSI represented the United States in 1946 in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). ANSI is an active member of the Pan American Technical Standards Council (COPANT) and the Pacific Regional Standards Conference (PASC).
Role in the United States
ANSI recognizes product certification bodies, quality system certification bodies, laboratories, and reviewers, and recognizes quality system certification and personnel qualifications. The fairness of the ANSI assessment process was reviewed by everyone and the comments were published in the ANSI weekly. At the same time, establish a grievance mechanism and management methods to deal with all appeal cases in a timely manner.
The ANSI operating agency is characterized by extensive partnerships with other agencies. ANSI's projects with other organizations, in addition to the accreditation of laboratories and reviewers, are also recognized by product certification bodies, system certification bodies, etc., and actively borrow the power of other institutions to complete. Its partners and related information can be queried on the web.
Develop an accreditation policy and accreditation program. ANSI represents the country's participation in relevant international conferences and events, and on behalf of the United States, intends to contribute to the establishment of mutual recognition of information technology equipment worldwide.
ANSI is not directly involved in product certification. He particularly emphasized that certification can improve product competitiveness and give buyers confidence. At the same time, standardization, unified technical requirements, unified interpretation, and a consistent understanding of standards and technical requirements, this is the meaning of recognition, but also the very obvious benefits brought by certification.